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美国文化习俗精粹:美国人的开车习惯

2015-07-23 17:28

美国文化习俗精粹:美国人的开车习惯


       女司机惨遭男司机暴打的新闻火遍网络,虽然女司机坚称“根据自己多年驾驶经验别车没问题”,但监控视频却诚实地记录了女司机多次无理别车的真相。到底是生活压力过大导致男司机的不智行为,还是国人普遍驾驶素质有待提高呢?或者我们先来了解一下美国人的驾驶文化,一起好好学习




       It's not that there's no public transportation in America. Many cities have taxis, buses and subways to help commuters get to and from work. Some large universities even have buses to take students to classes across campus. But most people find it much more convenient to drive, even if they do have to deal with traffic. Nowadays busy families often have more than one vehicle. Many people view their car as a status symbol. But no matter their social status, people without wheels feel tied down.


       美国不是没有大众运输工具,很多都市都有出租车、公车和地下铁帮助通车族上下班。有些规模大的大学甚至有公车在校园里载送学生到各个教室上课。不过大部份的人还是觉得开车更方便,即使他们得面对交通拥挤的问题。现今忙碌的家庭通常拥有一辆以上的车。很多人把车子视为地位的象征,但是不管他们的社会地位如何,没有车的人往往觉得很受束缚。



        Young people in America often get their driver's license around age 16 by passing a written test and a driving test. In many cases, before they can get their license, they have to take a driver education course. This course gives students hands-on practice with driving. It also helps to reduce the high cost of insurance. For teenagers, being able to drive——and in some cases, have their own car——is a big deal. It gives them a sense of power and freedom. Many young Americans consider a driver's license a right, not a privilege. It's rare to find an American teenager without one.


       美国的年轻人通常在16岁左右就会通过笔试和路考,取得驾照。很多时候在他们取得驾照之前,他们必须上一个驾驶人教育课程,这个课程提供给学生们实际的驾驶练习,它也有助于降低高额的保险费。对青少年来说,能够开车,甚至拥有一辆自己的车是一件了不起的事,因为它带给他们一种权力与自由的感觉。很多美国的年轻人把驾照视为一种权利,而不是一项特权。在美国要找到一个没有驾照的青少年是很不容易的。



10 Commandments of Good Driving in America:

1. Yield to vehicles who have the right of way.

2. Don't cut in front of other vehicles.

3. Drive within the speed limit.

4. Obey all road signs and police officers.

5. Pull over to the side of the road when you hear a siren.

6. Stop completely at red lights and stop signs.

7. Yield to pedestrians in crosswalks.

8. Park only in a designated parking space.

9. Use your turn signals when turning or changing lanes.

10. Don't drink and drive.


在美国优良驾驶的十大诫命:

1. 礼让有先行权的车子。

2. 不超车。

3. 行车不超速。

4. 遵守所有的路标和交通警察的指挥。

5. 听到警笛声时,立即靠边停车。

6. 遇到红灯和停止标志时要完全停下来。

7. 在行人穿越道上要礼让行人。

8. 只能在指定的停车地区内停车。

9. 转弯或换车道时要打方向灯。

10. 不要酒后驾车。



        Driving is to Americans what flying is to birds. It's almost part of their nature. For many Americans, being behind the wheel is like their natural habitat. But if they don't drive carefully, they can become an endangered species.


        开车对美国人的必要性,就像鸟儿需要飞翔一样,几乎就是他们天性的一部份。对许多美国人而言,「坐在方向盘后面」就像是他们自然栖息之处。不过,如果他们不小心开车的话,他们可就会变成濒临危险的动物了。



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